Difference between revisions of "Content:Files"

From AniDB
Jump to navigation Jump to search
 
(→‎Private / Personal files: caveat that the list of what counts as a public file is non-exhaustive)
 
(127 intermediate revisions by 16 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
== You have a file that's not listed... ==
+
{{update}}
 +
{{TOCright}}
  
First of all, you should clearly understand how AniDB works in respect to files.
+
AniDB stores information ([[Wikipedia:Metadata|metadata]]) about digital files that at some point in history has been released on the Internet. This information is an integral part of AniDB and for many users the most important reason for using AniDB. Note that AniDB does not, never has and never will, have any copies of these files. Read the [[AniDB:General disclaimer|general disclaimer]] for more information on this.
AniDB is kind of split into two parts: The public side where you add the files visible for everyone and the private side (your mylist) where you can keep track of the files you have. If you want to add a file to your mylist, you have to publicly add it to AniDB first.
 
The reason for this is easy: The next person who has the same file and wants to add it to his/her list doesn't have to input all the info again, but simply selects the existing entry.
 
  
That's why we ask you to include as much info as possible when adding a new file, it's for all users' benefit.
+
As a user you do of course not have to use any feature related to files; AniDB offers many features that are completely unrelated to them. There is also the concept of ''generic files'': If you want to add an anime to your MyList, but watched it on TV, have it on DVD or just don't care about registering actual files, see [[Files:Generic files]].
  
 +
==Metadata==
 +
===Technical information===
 +
Information that is of technical character and in most cases indisputable after verified by [[Avdump2]]. For track level information, see [[Content:Files:Video]], [[Content:Files:Audio]] and  [[Content:Files:Subtitle]].
  
== Where can I add files?! ==
+
====Type====
 +
The type of file. Possible values: ''video file'', ''subtitle file'', ''audio file'', ''archive file'', ''linker file'', ''other''.
  
Go to the anime's page and locate the episode the file belongs to. Click on the -icon on the right (in the "Action" column). Then, you're on the "Add file" page for that episode. There's a lot of info you can input here.
+
====Extension====
 +
Short name of the container format, see [[Wikipedia:Filename extension|Wikipedia]]. All common and many uncommon video, audio, subtitle and archive file formats are supported; contact the staff if you have a file in an unusual file format we don't yet support.
  
 +
====Size====
 +
The actual size of the file in bytes.
  
== Basic info you should include when adding a file ==
+
====Check/Hash sums====
=== Ed2k-link ===
+
The [[Wikipedia:Hash function|hash sums]] are used for verification and identification purposes and includes ''CRC32, ED2K, MD5, SHA1 and TTH''. Size+ED2K is the unique identifier used in AniDB.
An ed2k-link consists of the filename, the file's size and a so-called [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hash_function hash], basically a fingerprint of the file.
 
This assures that no duplicates are added (since they'd have the same hash) and that the size-value is correctly entered. Also important functions on AniDB itself and in AoM rely on the ed2k-link being present.
 
  
Also see [http://www.anidb.net/forum/viewtopic.php?t=613 HOWTO - Generate Ed2k Links.]
+
====Duration====
 +
The playback duration in <tt>hours:minutes:seconds</tt>.
  
=== Group ===
+
===Release information===
Normally, the files are "tagged", meaning that the filename contains a string like "[AonE]" which you can look for in the according shortname dropdown-menu. Please note that not all groups on AniDB are listed under the tag they actually use as AniDB can only have one distinctive tag for each group, <u>so make sure the group's full name matches aswell</u>. If you are having a hard time finding the group via the tag, try locating it in the "name" dropdown-menu, the groups are listed alphabetically there.
+
Information related to the actual ''release'' of the file: ''group'', ''release date'', ''CRC status'' and ''version''. If the origin of a file is unknown, i.e. ''no group'', then most of these fields have no meaning and should therefore not be set. Release date can be set for no group files, but only when it can be reliably determined.
  
However, some people remove the group-tags from filenames. If you have such a file, please watch the first seconds/minutes of it and look out for the group-name being displayed.
+
====Group====
 +
AniDB stores the name and short name of the group/person that produced and released a file. The short name is usually found as ''tags'' in file names, for example "[AonE]". Please note that not all groups registered in AniDB are listed with the tag they actually use, as AniDB can only have one distinctive tag for each group.
 +
{{eyecatch|Note|If a file is a joint release, like a file by e.g. ANBU-AonE, that joint group has its own group entry. The file should not be registered under either ANBU or AonE, but to the group that combines them both.}}
 +
{{eyecatch|Note|Not all RAW groups are credited. See [[which RAW groups to credit]].}}
  
Please note that if a file is a joint release, meaning it was released by two or more groups (e.g. by "ANBU-AonE") that these usually have their own group entry in the dropdown-menu - AniDB treats those files like they are done by a seperate group.
+
====Release date====
 +
The date when the group released the file. Usually provided on the group's homepage or on the relevant torrent tracker page. Release dates should be added according to the time of release in the UTC time zone, so sources whose timezone is known are preferred over ones displaying dates in unknown timezones.
  
If the group isn't listed, you have to add it first.
+
====CRC/hash status====
 +
Indicates whether the file entry in AniDB represents a perfect copy of the original file or not. You may request a change of this status if it hasn't been checked yet. Read more about [[Wikipedia:File verification|file verification]] if you are unfamiliar with this subject.
  
=== CRC ===
+
{{eyecatch|Note|Not all groups provide checksums for their files. This means that this status has no meaning and will have the value "not checked against official CRC/Hash".}}
A CRC is a 8-digit [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Checksum checksum(/hash/fingerprint)] like this one: "F017C5A4". Use a program like [http://www.slavasoft.com/hashcalc/ hashcalc] or [http://www.anidb.net/client/ AOM] to calculate the checksum of your file and put it in the according field.
 
  
=== CRC status ===
+
=====Allowed sources for official hash=====
Groups often release files with the checksum of the correct file being published somewhere, for example in the IRC-channel's topic or directly in the filename. Now, only if the CRC you calculated from the file you have matches the CRC of the correct file, set the "CRC status" on AniDB to "crc matches official source".
+
* Official .sfv (CRC checksum) or .md5 (MD5 checksum) files (good source)
For older releases, especially for files you didn't directly get from the group, check pages like [http://www.envirosphere.com/ Envirosphere] or [http://baka-updates.com/ Baka Updates].
+
* CRC listing on official page or in the topic of the group's IRC channel (good source)
 +
* CRC tag in the filename:
 +
** If the file is from the fansub group's official torrent or DDL, then the file name is acceptable. (good source)
 +
** CRC tags added afterwards by third parties should not be considered a valid source.
 +
** It should be noted that you should also check the actual calculated CRC of your file and compare it to the CRC in the filename to ensure that you don't yourself have a corrupted file.
  
=== filetype ===
+
=====No-lookthrough rule for CRC/hash verification=====
In case you pasted a full ed2k link (including the filename) to the "ed2k-link" field, the filetype will be set automatically. Otherwise you have to manually choose the correct one from the dropdown menu.
+
CRCs and other hashsums are only considered valid for verification if they are calculated '''directly''' from the target file in its entirety. This means that indirect checksums like the following ones are not to be considered:
 +
* Checksums of a ZIP/RAR/etc. archive (or set of archives) containing the file in question, even if the archive only contains one file
 +
* The inherent block-level checksums used by the BitTorrent protocol
  
=== file version ===
+
====Version====
Sometimes, the group makes mistakes and wants to correct them by releasing a second (third, fourth...) version, usually called "v2" ("v3", "v4", ...). If there is no such tag in the filename, it's normally the "version 1".
+
Sometimes the group makes mistakes and wants to correct them by releasing a second (third, fourth...) version, usually called ''v2'' (''v3, v4, ...''). This field is usually based on information in the file name (where no information normally means ''version 1'').
  
=== Audio language ===
+
'''IMPORTANT''': Even if a group releases two files of the same episode it does not mean that the first has to be marked ''v1'' and the second has to be marked ''v2''. There are other reasons to do something like that other than correcting mistakes, such as: different source (DTV/DVD), different sub languages, dual audio vs single audio releases, high and low quality versions, etc.
The default ("Japanese") should do it most of the time. The "Dual (X/Y)"-entries are meant to be used with files that contain multiple audio-tracks. If there's a third audio-language (which is currently not supported by AniDB), please add that info as a comment to the file.
 
  
If the right language isn't listed, please request the language to be added in the [http://www.anidb.net/forum/viewforum.php?f=3 DB Change Request-forum].
+
'''Discretion should be applied''' when "other reasons" are the cause of multiple releases. For example, if the group's intent is to release as a final product only a dual audio release, but they release a single audio release as a "v0" or "draft" version, then we should consider this single audio "draft" within the version continuity of any subsequent dual audio releases.  However, if the group's intent is to release as a final product both a single and dual audio release, do not combine the versioning continuity.
  
=== subtitle language ===
+
{{eyecatch|Note|We generally do not consider resolution changes and source changes as version bumps. That being said, you are free to add a file comment, indicating a file is marked as v2 and intended to replace a certain file. For example: <pre>Labelled as v2 of https://anidb.net/f2030447</pre>}}
Again, the default ("English") is right most of the time, but remember to choose the right one when adding a file with a different subtitle-language. If there are multiple subtitle-languages, please add that info to the file-comment. A request to add a missing language can be filed in the [http://www.anidb.net/forum/viewforum.php?f=3 DB Change Request-forum].
 
  
=== file comment ===
+
===Other information===
Here you can put important (public) info on that particular file, like additional audio- or subtitle languages.
+
Other information that is set manually and in some cases disputable.
  
== Further Info ==
+
====Censored====
We'd like you to add this info sooner or later to the file since some other users will benefit from your work.
+
Only used and available for files with pornographic content. In rare borderline anime entries not classified as 18 Restricted, both uncensored and censored versions may still be available; in this case, include "Censored" or "Uncensored" in the file description field instead.
  
===release date===
+
====Source====
The date the group published the file. Have a look at the group's homepage or other release info pages like envirosphere or "Baka Updates".
+
The '''''original''' source of the content''. Possible values are; ''unknown, camcorder, TV (ie, analog TV), DTV, HDTV, VHS, VCD, SVCD, LD, DVD, HKDVD, HD-DVD, Blu-ray, www.''
  
===MD5 and SHA-1===
+
=====Look-through considerations for Source field=====
Two more hashes. You can use programs like [http://www.slavasoft.com/hashcalc/ hashcalc] or [http://www.anidb.net/client/ AOM] to easily get these hashes in one step.
+
When considering source, we look at from which release '''by the original publisher/producer''' this file originated. For example, if a fansub released a file that was a rip from a web streaming website, but the web streaming website itself ripped its video from a BDMV, then the fansub-released file has its source marked as BD; the original publisher/producer source is the BD release, and not an HDTV release (i.e. video capture of a Japanese TV channel), and not a web simulcast (i.e. video rip from a streaming site like Crunchyroll, Funimation, or Daisuki).
  
'''Hint:''' When you hash the file with [http://www.anidb.net/client/ AOM], these hashes will automatically be added to the file-entry within 24 hours.
+
====Source field for standalone subtitle files====
 +
#When standalone subtitle files are released together with video files and the subtitles come from '''the same source as the video''', mark the subtitles as the same source as the video files.
 +
#When standalone subtitle files are released together with video files and the subtitles come from '''a different source than the video''', mark the subtitles as the source where the subtitles came from, and apply look-through rules.
 +
##For example, [Dmon] releases BD source files, and attached to this release are standalone subtitle files ripped from [HorribleSubs] (and possibly edited by the fansub). Since the standalone subtitles are not from the BD, their actual source is documented.  Applying the look-through rules; [HorribleSubs] rips from Crunchyroll, so the standalone subtitle files are set as www.
 +
##If the source of the subtitle is an original fan translation, mark the subtitle file source the same source as the original fan translation's release.
 +
#For standalone subtitle files released on their own without video files:
 +
##If the subtitles are 100% fan translations, mark the source as unknown.
 +
##If the subtitles were ripped from a web streaming service such as Crunchyroll, either a direct rip or an indirect rip by extracting from another fansub's release (i.e. taking the subtitle track from [HorribleSubs]' rip of Crunchyroll), mark the source as www.
 +
##If the subtitles were ripped from a home media release (LD, VHS, VCD, DVD, BD, etc), either directly from the home media or indirectly by extracting from another fansub's release (i.e. taking the subtitle track from [Exiled-Destiny]'s rip of a BD), mark the source as the corresponding media type.
  
===file quality===
+
====Quality field for standalone subtitle files====
unknown - You haven't watched the file yet or can't tell by your impression of previous files. Be sure to add the quality-rating once you've watched it!
+
The quality field is intended to indicate encode quality for video and audio; as such it is much less meaningful for standalone subtitle files. In consideration of this fact, the following general guidelines apply for the quality field as it relates to standalone subtitle files.
very high - No encoding artifacts, very good sound-quality, perfect timing, no grammar or translation-errors in the subs.
+
<br>
high - The file is good, but there are minor issues with it, like a not-so-good source with few visible or audible encoding artifacts - maybe just in one particular scene - or slight translation/editing-misses.
+
#When standalone subtitle files are released together with video files and the subtitles come from '''the same source as the video''', mark the subtitles at the same quality level as the video files. If there are multiple concurrent video releases (i.e. 720p and 1080p) where each release has a different quality level, but the subtitles are meant to be used for both sets of videos, set the quality level of the subtitles to match the higher quality release's level.
medium - One can clearly spot encoding issues in video or sound, or the translation is off sometimes.
+
#When standalone subtitle files are released together with video files and the subtitles come from '''a different source than the video''', mark the subtitles at the same quality level as the originating source.
low - There's a permanent annoyance in video, audio or translation.
+
#For standalone subtitle files released on their own without video files:
very low - This is not quite what one would want to watch. The video, sound or translation are just disturbingly bad.
+
##If the subtitles are 100% fan translations, mark the quality as unknown.
corrupted - Used for files with clearly visible corruptions.
+
##If the subtitles were ripped from a web streaming service such as Crunchyroll, either a direct rip or an indirect rip by extracting from another fansub's release (i.e. taking the subtitle track from [HorribleSubs]' rip of Crunchyroll), mark the quality as unknown.
eyecancer - Even recompressed to .rm, this couldn't look worse.
+
##If the subtitles were ripped from a home media release (LD, VHS, VCD, DVD, BD, etc), either directly from the home media or indirectly by extracting from another fansub's release (i.e. taking the subtitle track from [Exiled-Destiny]'s rip of a BD), mark the quality as unknown.
  
The quality rating should not be influenced by differences in the actual drawing or contents (like a cut TV-version or a censored hentai). Please also don't rate a file lower just because you don't like the fonts used.
+
====Quality for non-subtitle files====
 +
This is a very arbitrary field. It depends completely on the eye of the beholder. You should not put too much meaning into it, but rather use it as a general pointer of quality. Possible values are; ''eyecancer, very low, low, med, high, very high.''
  
===source===
+
'''Also see:''' ''[[Votes:Animegroups]]''
Here you can tell the raw (unsubbed) source of the anime. If you don't know the source, leave it "unknown". If you find a tag like "(S)VHS" or "DVD" in the filename, choose the according option from the dropdown-menu.
+
<br><br>
Sometimes, it's ok to make an educated guess: For animes that are released fansubbed shortly (within days/weeks) after they aired in Japan, you can safely assume "DTV" (Digital TV) as source. Another case for educated guessing is "HKDVD" (Hongkong-DVD) - the video-quality may be ok for them, but the translation is usually horrible, which is how you can spot them.
+
As a '''general''' guideline, refer to the below for a soft-rule convention that is generally followed. The below table can be seen as a "default" or "starting point".  If a particular file has sub-par quality, mark down its qualid field relative to the default, as appropriate.  Also note, the historical context of the anime should be kept in mind.  For example. if an anime is released in the 70s, and the highest quality medium of release is LD, it may be appropriate to use the higher range of tehbump the quality field  up a level for the LD release, relative to the defaults below; the goal is to use the qualid field as a differentiator, to identify the LD release as the definitive release relative to other options that may be available (TV, VHS, etc).
 +
<br><br>
 +
'''Note:''' All items highlighted in red below are upscales by definition, as the specifications of the mentioned media do not reach into those resolution ranges. Items in bold signify the more common qualid (if applicable), where more than 1 is specified.
 +
<br><br>
 +
'''Ultimately, use some discretion and common sense.'''
  
===video- and audio-information===
+
{| class="wikitable" border="1"
Use [http://www.headbands.com/gspot/download.html GSpot] to easily determine the codecs and bitrates used in an avi-file (partially supports ogm, too). For mkv-files, you can use [http://mediainfo.sourceforge.net/ MediaInfo] or the [http://matroska.org/downloads/shellextension/index.html Matroska Shell Extension].
+
|-
 +
!  Source
 +
!  < 480p <br>(or equivalent)
 +
!  480p or equivalents <br>(440x486 (NTSC), <br>520x576 (PAL, SECAM), etc)
 +
!  720p
 +
!  1080p
 +
|-
 +
|  camcorder
 +
|  very low, <br>low
 +
|  low
 +
|  low, <br>'''medium'''
 +
|  '''medium''', <br>high, <br>very high
 +
|-
 +
|  TV (ie, analog TV)
 +
|  very low, <br>'''low'''
 +
|  low, <br>'''medium'''
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| low, <br>'''medium'''
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| medium
 +
|-
 +
|  VHS
 +
|  very low, <br>'''low'''
 +
|  low, <br>'''medium'''
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| low, <br>'''medium'''
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| medium
 +
|-
 +
|  LD
 +
|  low, <br>'''medium'''
 +
|  medium, <br>'''high'''
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| high
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| high
 +
|-
 +
|  VCD
 +
|  low, <br>'''medium'''
 +
|  medium, <br>high
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| medium, <br>'''high'''
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| medium, <br>'''high'''
 +
|-
 +
|  SVCD
 +
|  low, <br>'''medium'''
 +
|  medium, <br>high
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| medium, <br>'''high'''
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| medium, <br>'''high'''
 +
|-
 +
|  HKDVD
 +
|  low, <br>'''medium'''
 +
|  medium, <br>high
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| medium, <br>'''high'''
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| medium, <br>'''high'''
 +
|-
 +
|  DTV
 +
|  low, <br>'''medium'''
 +
|  medium, <br>high
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| medium, <br>high
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| medium, <br>high
 +
|-
 +
|  DVD
 +
|  low, <br>'''medium'''
 +
|  medium, <br>'''high''', <br>'''very high'''
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| high, <br>very high
 +
|  style="background-color: #FFEFEF;"| high, <br>very high
 +
|-
 +
|  www
 +
|  low, <br>medium
 +
|  medium
 +
|  high
 +
|  very high
 +
|-
 +
|  HDTV
 +
|  low, <br>medium
 +
|  medium
 +
|  high
 +
|  very high
 +
|-
 +
|  HD-DVD
 +
|  medium
 +
|  high
 +
|  very high
 +
|  very high
 +
|-
 +
|  Blu-ray
 +
|  medium
 +
|  high
 +
|  very high
 +
|  very high
 +
|-
 +
|  unknown
 +
|  Use discretion
 +
|  Use discretion
 +
|  Use discretion
 +
|  Use discretion
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
'''Note:''' Many XviD-encodes have a "DIVX" or "DX50"-4cc (for compatibility) and are thus often wrongly recognized as DivX4 or DivX5. In GSpot, you may find an additional 4cc displayed near the DivX one, for example "DIVX/xvid" or "DX50/xvid". In such cases, please always set the codec-info on AniDB to XviD.
+
====Description====
 +
Additional useful information about the file. See [[Content:Filecomments]].
 +
 
 +
===Statistics===
 +
This section provides some basic insight on how many users claim to have had this file and what kind of media they currently have it on. The following statistics are given:
 +
* ''internal'': The number of users who currently have the file on their hard disk.
 +
* ''external'': The number of users who have stored this file on an external storage, such as a NAS or a burned DVD.
 +
* ''deleted'': The number of users who formerly had this file but don't have it anymore.
 +
* ''unknown'': The number of users who haven't specified the location of this file on their mylist.
 +
* ''total'': The total number of users with this file on their mylist. Clicking on this link opens a detailed list of those users.
 +
 
 +
Do note that not all users share the storage status of their files publicly, or in some cases don't even allow to see you on the user list, and in this case the first four numbers may not sum up to the total number of users.
 +
 
 +
==Registering new files==
 +
===What is accepted?===
 +
====Private / Personal files====
 +
The general rule is that [[Animeentries:Fileentries|file entries]] in AniDB are supposed to be useful for a larger group of users. Adding private files is therefore '''not allowed'''.
 +
 
 +
'''What is a private / personal file?'''
 +
 
 +
A private or personal file is a file that you create for yourself.  It is a file that is not released ''publicly on the internet''.  For example, if you reencode a file for your own use, or you remux a bunch of files together to create a new file, these are private files as they are only available for your personal consumption.
 +
 
 +
As a general statement, if the files were not published on the internet, they likely should not be added to AniDB.  "Published on the internet" includes, but is not limited towards:
 +
* public trackers like Nyaa
 +
* private trackers like BakaBT
 +
* DDL links published on the fansub group's blog
 +
* XDCC bots on IRC
 +
 
 +
Personal files are '''NOT''' to be added to AniDB.
 +
 
 +
====Corruption====
 +
An entry for a corrupted file may still be useful for others as long as it's likely that more people have the exact same corrupted file as you have. (For example if one source sent the corrupted version to many people.)
 +
 
 +
If - and only if - this is the case, you can add the file normally to AniDB, selecting ''CRC does not match official source'' and/or ''Quality: Corrupted'' if there are visible/audible errors in the file.
 +
 
 +
{{eyecatch|Warning|If the corruption is based on some hard- or software-problem on your side, or if you manually edited the file, you should '''not add''' them to AniDB as they serve no purpose for other users.}}
 +
 
 +
Don't worry - you can still list such files properly in your MyList. For example: You have a corrupted version of group X's release. Navigate to the corresponding episode where the regular, uncorrupted version of group X's release is listed and click on the "add to mylist" icon on the far right. On the next page, you can select the "Type: corrupted version/invalid CRC" so that your MyList entries properly indicate which version you have.
 +
 
 +
If there's no CRC-valid version of group X added for the release you have, consider adding the episodes' [[generic files]] to your list instead.
 +
 
 +
====Remuxed files====
 +
# They have to be ''wide-spread'' (see above); private files are not allowed.
 +
# Do '''not''' mark them with the original group. Use ''no group'' or make your own group, adding the original group's name the subtitles/video are taken from to the file's description.
 +
# Adding such files is generally frown upon unless some value was actually added in the remuxing process.
 +
 
 +
===How to add===
 +
{{eyecatch|Important|Please consult '''[[Tutorial:How_to_Add_Files_for_Dummies!]]''' if this is your first time adding files.}}
 +
 
 +
Since files in AniDB are tied with an actual episode, the place where you add files is at the far right of each episode entry. Click the "add file" icon that looks like this: [[Image:Anidb file add.gif]], and it will take you to a new page where you can fill in the information about the file you want to add. For video files, the most important fields are: '''ED2K-link''', '''CRC'''/'''CRC Status''', '''Release group''' and '''Audio''' and '''Subtitle languages'''.
 +
 
 +
Alternatively you can use the [[Mass add:Files|mass add file page]] which is linked at the bottom of every anime page (massf).
 +
 
 +
Furthermore, it's strongly suggested (we basically demand it) to use [[Avdump2]] to parse the file before or after adding it to AniDB to get accurate metadata and to mark the file as verified (which causes some data of the file to stay locked and non-creq'able).
 +
{{missing}}
 +
 
 +
==Editing file entries==
 +
For editing see [[How to get started with creqing]].
 +
 
 +
==Removing file entries==
 +
If you added a bad entry you can also remove it as long as no one else has added it to his/her [[MyList]]. Otherwise, you have to issue a delete request.
 +
 
 +
==File relations==
 +
See [[Content:File relations]].
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Animeentries]]
 +
[[Category:Guidelines]]

Latest revision as of 20:53, 25 August 2019

The information on this page needs to be updated to reflect the current status of AniDB.
Remove this message when done.

AniDB stores information (metadata) about digital files that at some point in history has been released on the Internet. This information is an integral part of AniDB and for many users the most important reason for using AniDB. Note that AniDB does not, never has and never will, have any copies of these files. Read the general disclaimer for more information on this.

As a user you do of course not have to use any feature related to files; AniDB offers many features that are completely unrelated to them. There is also the concept of generic files: If you want to add an anime to your MyList, but watched it on TV, have it on DVD or just don't care about registering actual files, see Files:Generic files.

Metadata

Technical information

Information that is of technical character and in most cases indisputable after verified by Avdump2. For track level information, see Content:Files:Video, Content:Files:Audio and Content:Files:Subtitle.

Type

The type of file. Possible values: video file, subtitle file, audio file, archive file, linker file, other.

Extension

Short name of the container format, see Wikipedia. All common and many uncommon video, audio, subtitle and archive file formats are supported; contact the staff if you have a file in an unusual file format we don't yet support.

Size

The actual size of the file in bytes.

Check/Hash sums

The hash sums are used for verification and identification purposes and includes CRC32, ED2K, MD5, SHA1 and TTH. Size+ED2K is the unique identifier used in AniDB.

Duration

The playback duration in hours:minutes:seconds.

Release information

Information related to the actual release of the file: group, release date, CRC status and version. If the origin of a file is unknown, i.e. no group, then most of these fields have no meaning and should therefore not be set. Release date can be set for no group files, but only when it can be reliably determined.

Group

AniDB stores the name and short name of the group/person that produced and released a file. The short name is usually found as tags in file names, for example "[AonE]". Please note that not all groups registered in AniDB are listed with the tag they actually use, as AniDB can only have one distinctive tag for each group.

Note If a file is a joint release, like a file by e.g. ANBU-AonE, that joint group has its own group entry. The file should not be registered under either ANBU or AonE, but to the group that combines them both.
Note Not all RAW groups are credited. See which RAW groups to credit.

Release date

The date when the group released the file. Usually provided on the group's homepage or on the relevant torrent tracker page. Release dates should be added according to the time of release in the UTC time zone, so sources whose timezone is known are preferred over ones displaying dates in unknown timezones.

CRC/hash status

Indicates whether the file entry in AniDB represents a perfect copy of the original file or not. You may request a change of this status if it hasn't been checked yet. Read more about file verification if you are unfamiliar with this subject.

Note Not all groups provide checksums for their files. This means that this status has no meaning and will have the value "not checked against official CRC/Hash".
Allowed sources for official hash
  • Official .sfv (CRC checksum) or .md5 (MD5 checksum) files (good source)
  • CRC listing on official page or in the topic of the group's IRC channel (good source)
  • CRC tag in the filename:
    • If the file is from the fansub group's official torrent or DDL, then the file name is acceptable. (good source)
    • CRC tags added afterwards by third parties should not be considered a valid source.
    • It should be noted that you should also check the actual calculated CRC of your file and compare it to the CRC in the filename to ensure that you don't yourself have a corrupted file.
No-lookthrough rule for CRC/hash verification

CRCs and other hashsums are only considered valid for verification if they are calculated directly from the target file in its entirety. This means that indirect checksums like the following ones are not to be considered:

  • Checksums of a ZIP/RAR/etc. archive (or set of archives) containing the file in question, even if the archive only contains one file
  • The inherent block-level checksums used by the BitTorrent protocol

Version

Sometimes the group makes mistakes and wants to correct them by releasing a second (third, fourth...) version, usually called v2 (v3, v4, ...). This field is usually based on information in the file name (where no information normally means version 1).

IMPORTANT: Even if a group releases two files of the same episode it does not mean that the first has to be marked v1 and the second has to be marked v2. There are other reasons to do something like that other than correcting mistakes, such as: different source (DTV/DVD), different sub languages, dual audio vs single audio releases, high and low quality versions, etc.

Discretion should be applied when "other reasons" are the cause of multiple releases. For example, if the group's intent is to release as a final product only a dual audio release, but they release a single audio release as a "v0" or "draft" version, then we should consider this single audio "draft" within the version continuity of any subsequent dual audio releases. However, if the group's intent is to release as a final product both a single and dual audio release, do not combine the versioning continuity.

Note We generally do not consider resolution changes and source changes as version bumps. That being said, you are free to add a file comment, indicating a file is marked as v2 and intended to replace a certain file. For example:
Labelled as v2 of https://anidb.net/f2030447

Other information

Other information that is set manually and in some cases disputable.

Censored

Only used and available for files with pornographic content. In rare borderline anime entries not classified as 18 Restricted, both uncensored and censored versions may still be available; in this case, include "Censored" or "Uncensored" in the file description field instead.

Source

The original source of the content. Possible values are; unknown, camcorder, TV (ie, analog TV), DTV, HDTV, VHS, VCD, SVCD, LD, DVD, HKDVD, HD-DVD, Blu-ray, www.

Look-through considerations for Source field

When considering source, we look at from which release by the original publisher/producer this file originated. For example, if a fansub released a file that was a rip from a web streaming website, but the web streaming website itself ripped its video from a BDMV, then the fansub-released file has its source marked as BD; the original publisher/producer source is the BD release, and not an HDTV release (i.e. video capture of a Japanese TV channel), and not a web simulcast (i.e. video rip from a streaming site like Crunchyroll, Funimation, or Daisuki).

Source field for standalone subtitle files

  1. When standalone subtitle files are released together with video files and the subtitles come from the same source as the video, mark the subtitles as the same source as the video files.
  2. When standalone subtitle files are released together with video files and the subtitles come from a different source than the video, mark the subtitles as the source where the subtitles came from, and apply look-through rules.
    1. For example, [Dmon] releases BD source files, and attached to this release are standalone subtitle files ripped from [HorribleSubs] (and possibly edited by the fansub). Since the standalone subtitles are not from the BD, their actual source is documented. Applying the look-through rules; [HorribleSubs] rips from Crunchyroll, so the standalone subtitle files are set as www.
    2. If the source of the subtitle is an original fan translation, mark the subtitle file source the same source as the original fan translation's release.
  3. For standalone subtitle files released on their own without video files:
    1. If the subtitles are 100% fan translations, mark the source as unknown.
    2. If the subtitles were ripped from a web streaming service such as Crunchyroll, either a direct rip or an indirect rip by extracting from another fansub's release (i.e. taking the subtitle track from [HorribleSubs]' rip of Crunchyroll), mark the source as www.
    3. If the subtitles were ripped from a home media release (LD, VHS, VCD, DVD, BD, etc), either directly from the home media or indirectly by extracting from another fansub's release (i.e. taking the subtitle track from [Exiled-Destiny]'s rip of a BD), mark the source as the corresponding media type.

Quality field for standalone subtitle files

The quality field is intended to indicate encode quality for video and audio; as such it is much less meaningful for standalone subtitle files. In consideration of this fact, the following general guidelines apply for the quality field as it relates to standalone subtitle files.

  1. When standalone subtitle files are released together with video files and the subtitles come from the same source as the video, mark the subtitles at the same quality level as the video files. If there are multiple concurrent video releases (i.e. 720p and 1080p) where each release has a different quality level, but the subtitles are meant to be used for both sets of videos, set the quality level of the subtitles to match the higher quality release's level.
  2. When standalone subtitle files are released together with video files and the subtitles come from a different source than the video, mark the subtitles at the same quality level as the originating source.
  3. For standalone subtitle files released on their own without video files:
    1. If the subtitles are 100% fan translations, mark the quality as unknown.
    2. If the subtitles were ripped from a web streaming service such as Crunchyroll, either a direct rip or an indirect rip by extracting from another fansub's release (i.e. taking the subtitle track from [HorribleSubs]' rip of Crunchyroll), mark the quality as unknown.
    3. If the subtitles were ripped from a home media release (LD, VHS, VCD, DVD, BD, etc), either directly from the home media or indirectly by extracting from another fansub's release (i.e. taking the subtitle track from [Exiled-Destiny]'s rip of a BD), mark the quality as unknown.

Quality for non-subtitle files

This is a very arbitrary field. It depends completely on the eye of the beholder. You should not put too much meaning into it, but rather use it as a general pointer of quality. Possible values are; eyecancer, very low, low, med, high, very high.

Also see: Votes:Animegroups

As a general guideline, refer to the below for a soft-rule convention that is generally followed. The below table can be seen as a "default" or "starting point". If a particular file has sub-par quality, mark down its qualid field relative to the default, as appropriate. Also note, the historical context of the anime should be kept in mind. For example. if an anime is released in the 70s, and the highest quality medium of release is LD, it may be appropriate to use the higher range of tehbump the quality field up a level for the LD release, relative to the defaults below; the goal is to use the qualid field as a differentiator, to identify the LD release as the definitive release relative to other options that may be available (TV, VHS, etc).

Note: All items highlighted in red below are upscales by definition, as the specifications of the mentioned media do not reach into those resolution ranges. Items in bold signify the more common qualid (if applicable), where more than 1 is specified.

Ultimately, use some discretion and common sense.

Source < 480p
(or equivalent)
480p or equivalents
(440x486 (NTSC),
520x576 (PAL, SECAM), etc)
720p 1080p
camcorder very low,
low
low low,
medium
medium,
high,
very high
TV (ie, analog TV) very low,
low
low,
medium
low,
medium
medium
VHS very low,
low
low,
medium
low,
medium
medium
LD low,
medium
medium,
high
high high
VCD low,
medium
medium,
high
medium,
high
medium,
high
SVCD low,
medium
medium,
high
medium,
high
medium,
high
HKDVD low,
medium
medium,
high
medium,
high
medium,
high
DTV low,
medium
medium,
high
medium,
high
medium,
high
DVD low,
medium
medium,
high,
very high
high,
very high
high,
very high
www low,
medium
medium high very high
HDTV low,
medium
medium high very high
HD-DVD medium high very high very high
Blu-ray medium high very high very high
unknown Use discretion Use discretion Use discretion Use discretion

Description

Additional useful information about the file. See Content:Filecomments.

Statistics

This section provides some basic insight on how many users claim to have had this file and what kind of media they currently have it on. The following statistics are given:

  • internal: The number of users who currently have the file on their hard disk.
  • external: The number of users who have stored this file on an external storage, such as a NAS or a burned DVD.
  • deleted: The number of users who formerly had this file but don't have it anymore.
  • unknown: The number of users who haven't specified the location of this file on their mylist.
  • total: The total number of users with this file on their mylist. Clicking on this link opens a detailed list of those users.

Do note that not all users share the storage status of their files publicly, or in some cases don't even allow to see you on the user list, and in this case the first four numbers may not sum up to the total number of users.

Registering new files

What is accepted?

Private / Personal files

The general rule is that file entries in AniDB are supposed to be useful for a larger group of users. Adding private files is therefore not allowed.

What is a private / personal file?

A private or personal file is a file that you create for yourself. It is a file that is not released publicly on the internet. For example, if you reencode a file for your own use, or you remux a bunch of files together to create a new file, these are private files as they are only available for your personal consumption.

As a general statement, if the files were not published on the internet, they likely should not be added to AniDB. "Published on the internet" includes, but is not limited towards:

  • public trackers like Nyaa
  • private trackers like BakaBT
  • DDL links published on the fansub group's blog
  • XDCC bots on IRC

Personal files are NOT to be added to AniDB.

Corruption

An entry for a corrupted file may still be useful for others as long as it's likely that more people have the exact same corrupted file as you have. (For example if one source sent the corrupted version to many people.)

If - and only if - this is the case, you can add the file normally to AniDB, selecting CRC does not match official source and/or Quality: Corrupted if there are visible/audible errors in the file.

Warning If the corruption is based on some hard- or software-problem on your side, or if you manually edited the file, you should not add them to AniDB as they serve no purpose for other users.

Don't worry - you can still list such files properly in your MyList. For example: You have a corrupted version of group X's release. Navigate to the corresponding episode where the regular, uncorrupted version of group X's release is listed and click on the "add to mylist" icon on the far right. On the next page, you can select the "Type: corrupted version/invalid CRC" so that your MyList entries properly indicate which version you have.

If there's no CRC-valid version of group X added for the release you have, consider adding the episodes' generic files to your list instead.

Remuxed files

  1. They have to be wide-spread (see above); private files are not allowed.
  2. Do not mark them with the original group. Use no group or make your own group, adding the original group's name the subtitles/video are taken from to the file's description.
  3. Adding such files is generally frown upon unless some value was actually added in the remuxing process.

How to add

Important Please consult Tutorial:How_to_Add_Files_for_Dummies! if this is your first time adding files.

Since files in AniDB are tied with an actual episode, the place where you add files is at the far right of each episode entry. Click the "add file" icon that looks like this: Anidb file add.gif, and it will take you to a new page where you can fill in the information about the file you want to add. For video files, the most important fields are: ED2K-link, CRC/CRC Status, Release group and Audio and Subtitle languages.

Alternatively you can use the mass add file page which is linked at the bottom of every anime page (massf).

Furthermore, it's strongly suggested (we basically demand it) to use Avdump2 to parse the file before or after adding it to AniDB to get accurate metadata and to mark the file as verified (which causes some data of the file to stay locked and non-creq'able).

The description is missing or severely incomplete.
If you can, please help by explaining it.

Editing file entries

For editing see How to get started with creqing.

Removing file entries

If you added a bad entry you can also remove it as long as no one else has added it to his/her MyList. Otherwise, you have to issue a delete request.

File relations

See Content:File relations.