Creators are either persons, companies or some other form of collaboration. Each of these are further divided into roles which are the most prominent with persons. A company should almost always have only the Producer role. A collaboration should almost always only have either Musician/Band or Mangaka/Circle role, a Producer role is applicable if the band gets credited for music (音楽) in the anime (writing the entire soundtrack) and if the circle gets credited for directly being involved with an anime and not just original work credit.
Creator Roles on AniDB
A person who draws manga. The word can be broken down into two parts: manga (漫画) and ka (家). The manga corresponds to the medium of art the artist uses: comics, or Japanese comics, depending on how the term is used inside or outside Japan. The -ka (家) suffix implies a degree of expertise and traditional authorship. For example, this term would not be applied to a writer creating a story which is then handed over to a manga artist for drawing. The Japanese term for such a writer of comics is gensakusha (原作者).
Don't add this role to writers, who don't actually draw manga, meaning novelists (light novels or visual novels included), book writers or screenwriters are not mangaka; mark their role as Producer instead.
A musician is a person who either sings, arranges, composes or writes lyrics for songs, often they can do all 4, but there are also individuals who have specialised in 1 or 2 roles. Sometimes the director of the anime or a similar role might write lyrics or even sing on a song for the anime they are working on, but generally the musician role shouldn't be applied to them, unless they often do that on songs unrelated to anime they work on. A band is a group of musicians who create and/or perform their songs together.
Generally a person who is in one way or another involved with creating or publishing an anime. Producer also covers writers (novels, light novels, visual novels) and should be applied to musicians who get credited for writing the music (音楽) for the anime (a person can have more than one role, if they are applicable, but this is most often the case with prominent musicians who compose entire soundtracks for the anime).
A voice actor who reads out the character lines.
Similar logic applies to Type: Company, as it does to Type: Person.
Similar logic applies to Type: Collaboration, as it does to Type: Person.
Creator info sources
|Note||This section is a mostly untouched copy of some of the text from nwa's forum post and still needs further details, proper editing and formatting.|
The following are acceptable sources for information on creators:
- Japanese wiki - if there's an entry for the person, it's generally correct.
- VIDEO - there are occasions where the creator name is actually given wrong in the video, but fortunately it happens seldom.
- http://www.allcinema.net/ - although, other than the name and list of credits for given person, there's no other info, sometimes there's the hiragana reading given, which is nice.
- http://www.ops.dti.ne.jp/~cwdm/ace_2/base.html - although it seems to be quite out of date, it provides readings and sometimes studio affiliation for a number of animators and directors.
Creator sources really depend on what kind of a creator are we talking about, musician, seiyuu, producer or mangaka. The general source would be Japanese wiki, yes. People should also take note that the actual written name of a creator is the one given officially by Japanese source and therefore it's in most cases the Kanji name. 谷口悟朗 is a proper Japanese name, Taniguchi Gorou is just the transcription of it. So when you request the addition of a new creator without providing the Official Japanese name, then you're trying to add a non-existent creator entry. Of course there are exceptions, like company names and especially musicians that officially give their names in Roman letters. This does mean that if you want to add a creator without a Japanese wiki entry and who also doesn't appear on allcinema or there's no reading given for that person, then figuring out the transcription name is guesswork at best unless you can find some solid source for the reading on Google, if not, then you can use for example http://tools.anidb.net/namer/ , enter the sure name and then given name (they must be added separately, can't add 谷口悟朗 at once, 谷口 first to get the surname marked as "s", then 悟朗 to get the male given name marked as "m". "f" means female given name) and just see which is the most common name by looking at the numbers, the higher the number, the more common the name, and romanise it (either with animelab or romaji.org) to get the Main Title. The namer tool, which is written by rar, doesn't feature every Japanese name given, so there can be no matches, but generally, if Google doesn't return any info and the namer tool gives no matches to 1 or both parts of the name, the creator probably doesn't exist with that name.
A creator gets separate entries for each stage name/pseudonym they get credited under. For example, Wakamoto Norio has the main entry and another for work done under the pseudonym Hiruma Kyounosuke. Creators starting to use the hiragana/katakana version of their kanji name is one of the usual cases for guises. Note that we only want guises for names that are without a doubt pseudonyms and NOT for 1 kanji miscredits in the video or on the websites. Unfortunately it's commonplace even for actual video credits to display a person's name wrong. This is primarily caused by the fact that the same name can be written in different kanji, and sometimes they simply make a typo. One of the prime cases of miscredits is the family name Saitou; the most widespread version of writing it is 斉藤, which is often given even if the person's real name is written as 斎藤 (vice versa can apply as well). In cases of miscredits, adding the wrongly credited version as another name for the creator (as Alias) is preferred instead of adding it as a guise.
You will know if a person has guise(s) added when you open a creator entry, and all the guises will appear underneath, unless you have ajax enabled (which is enabled by default), in which case they can be accessed via an inconspicuous pop-up menu or by clicking Previous/Next buttons.
- Old page about Companies.