AniDB Definition:Romanisation for Chinese

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The information on this page is incomplete and may not be of much use.
If you can, please help by adding to it.

The information on this page is provided as guidelines on the use of romanised Mandarin Chinese via Pinyin in AniDB. As Mandarin Chinese is the most prevalent Chinese dialect, AniDB will only require Mandarin romanisations as mandatory for entries. Romanisations for other dialects, such as Cantonese, can be optionally added. This guide will also cover the use of romanised Cantonese Chinese via Yale Romanisation.

Please be aware that this is not an exact science, there are many viable solutions to the same problem, though when submitting change requests on romanised titles users are expected to adhere to the 'house style' of the database. When there is contention over a particular issue, this page will provide both alternatives. External links to Wikipedia are provided throughout for ideas and terms that might be unfamiliar.

Special Cases

之 (zhī) as a joiner for a sub-title

For the AniDB Main title transcribed title, always convert 之 into a colon ( : ).
Add as a synonym title, the title with 之 transcribed as zhi.

Example:

巴啦啦小魔仙之彩虹心石 - (Balala Xiaomoxian: Caihong Xinshi )
Main title (Chinese transcription): Balala Xiaomoxian: Caihong Xinshi
Synonym title (Chinese transcription): Balala Xiaomoxian Zhi Caihong Xinshi


Function words (虚词; 虛詞; xūcí)

Function words are separated from other words, including:

  1. Adverbs (副词; 副詞; fùcí): hěn hǎo (很好, very good), zuì kuài (最快, fastest), fēicháng dà (非常大, extremely big)
  2. Prepositions (介词; 介詞; jiècí): zài qiánmiàn (在前面, in front)
  3. Conjunctions (连词; 連詞; liáncí): nǐ hé wǒ (你和我, you and I/me), Nǐ lái háishi bù lái? (你来还是不来?; 你來還是不來?, Are you coming or not?)
  4. "Constructive auxiliaries" (结构助词; 結構助詞; jiégòu zhùcí) such as de (的/地/得), zhī (之) and suǒ (所): mànmàn de zou (慢慢地走), go slowly)
    1. A monosyllabic word can also be written together with de (的/地/得): wǒ de shū / wǒde shū (我的书; 我的書, my book)
  5. Modal auxiliaries at the end of a sentence: Nǐ zhīdào ma? (你知道吗?; 你知道嗎?, Do you know?), Kuài qù ba! (快去吧!, Go quickly!)
  6. Exclamations and interjections: À! Zhēn měi! (啊!真美!), Oh, that's so beautiful!)
  7. Onomatopoeia: mó dāo huòhuò (磨刀霍霍, honing a knife), hōnglōng yī shēng (轰隆一声; 轟隆一聲, rumbling)